뜻 및 정의
Before getting into the specifics of how to use these expressions, let’s first understand what they mean. 거에요 and 거예요 are both used to describe actions that will occur in the future. Specifically, they are used to indicate that a certain action will take place in the future or that something will exist at a future point in time.
Literal translations of these expressions mean “it is” or “there is” in the future tense. The term “거에요” is used in casual speech while “거예요” is used in formal contexts. Now, let’s delve deeper into their usage.
문장 구성 방법
거에요 and 거예요 are both used to indicate future tense. They are versatile and can be used with any number of verbs or adjectives.
To use 거에요, you will first need to identify the verb in the sentence. After that, you add “거에요” to the end of the verb stem. Here are a few examples:
– 먹다 (to eat) → 먹을 거에요 (I will eat)
– 가다 (to go) → 갈 거에요 (I will go)
– 일어나다 (to wake up) → 일어날 거에요 (I will wake up)
The basic sentence structure for using “거에요” is “Subject + Verb Stem + 거에요.” Here’s how you might use it in a sentence:
– 저는 내일 제주도에 갈 거에요. (I’ll go to Jeju Island tomorrow.)
On the other hand, to use 거예요, first, you need to identify the verb. After that, you add “거예요” to the end of the verb stem. Here are a few examples:
– 축구하다 (to play soccer) → 축구할 거예요 (I will play soccer)
– 공부하다 (to study) → 공부할 거예요 (I will study)
– 퇴근하다 (to finish work) → 퇴근할 거예요 (I will finish work)
The basic sentence structure for using “거예요” is “Subject + Verb Stem + 거예요.” Here’s how you might use it in a sentence:
– 내일 회의에 참석할 거예요. (I will attend the meeting tomorrow.)
평서문과 의문문의 차이점
In Korean, there are two main sentence types: 평서문 (declarative sentence) and 의문문 (interrogative sentence). The difference between these two types of sentences is simply that the former makes a statement, while the latter asks a question.
When using 거에요 and 거예요, sentence type is important to take note of since it impacts how these expressions should be used. Here are some examples:
– 제가 내일 집에 갈 거예요. (I will go home tomorrow.)
– 내일 열시에 회사에 갈 거예요. (I will go to the company at 10 am tomorrow.)
– 제가 내일 집에 갈 거예요? (Will I go home tomorrow?)
– 내일 열시에 회사에 갈 거예요? (Will I go to the company at 10 am tomorrow?)
In both sentence structures, you can use either 거에요 or 거예요 interchangeably. However, in the case of 의문문 (questions), these expressions are frequently used to ask about someone else’s plans or intentions.
동사에 따른 쓰임새
거에요 and 거예요 are not only used to express future tense; their grammatical usage differs slightly depending on the verb being used.
Here are some examples of how to use these expressions with different verbs:
하다 (to do)
– 할 거에요 (I will do it)
– 할 거예요 (Will you do it?)
살다 (to live)
– 살 거에요 (I will live there)
– 살 거예요 (Will you live there?)
가다 (to go)
– 갈 거에요 (I will go there)
– 갈 거예요 (Will you go there?)
공부하다 (to study)
– 공부할 거에요 (I will study)
– 공부할 거예요 (Will you study?)
As you can see from the examples above, the basic structure of the sentence is the same, but the actual verb stems are altered depending on the verb being used.
과거 시제의 적용
While 거에요 and 거예요 are mostly used for indicating future tense, it is also possible to use these expressions for past tense.
Here are some examples of how you can use 거였어요 in the past tense:
– 내가 어제 퇴근할 거였어요. (I was going to finish work yesterday.)
– 너가 언제 돌아올 거였어요? (When were you going to come back?)
– 나는 어제 토요일에 쇼핑을 할 거였어요. (I was going to go shopping yesterday on Saturday.)
To form these sentences, you just need to add “었어요” to the end of the verb stem. The basic sentence structure for using “거었어요” is “Subject + Verb Stem + 거었어요.”
예시와 함께한 활용법
It is important to have a good understanding of how to use 거에요 and 거예요 when reading or speaking in Korean.
Here are some examples of how these expressions can be used in conversation:
– 너가 내일 학교에 갈 거야? (Are you going to school tomorrow?)
– 나는 저녁에 친구를 만나러 갈 거야. (I’m going to meet a friend in the evening.)
– 오늘 오후 3시에 국제공항으로 가야 할 거예요. (I have to go to Incheon International Airport at 3 pm today.)
생활 속에서 사용되는 예시
These expressions are frequently used in everyday conversations. Here are some examples of how they might be used:
– 내일은 노는 날이라 우리 공원에서 피크닉할 거예요. (Tomorrow is a day off, so we are going to have a picnic at the park.)
– 지난주에 파일을 저장하지 못해서 내일 다시 만화를 그릴 거에요. (I couldn’t save my files last week, so I will draw my cartoons again tomorrow.)
– 그렇게 좋은 기회를 놓치면 후회할 거에요. (You’ll regret if you miss such a good opportunity.)
자주 틀리는 실수들
Although 거에요 and 거예요 are straightforward to use, they are frequently mixed up with other Korean grammar concepts. Here are some of the most common errors people will make when using these expressions:
– Confusing past tense with future tense – 어제 갔을 거였어요 (I was going to go yesterday)
– Using the wrong sentence type – 갈 거예요?/갈 거에요! (Are you going?/I’m going)
– Forgetting to include the subject in the sentence – 공원에서 놀 거에요 (I’m going to play at the park)
추가적인 팁과 주의사항들
Here are some additional tips and precautions that you should keep in mind while using 거에요 and 거예요:
– Use 거에요 in casual situations.
– Use 거예요 in formal situations.
– If you’re unsure about which version to use, you can err on the side of caution and use 거예요.
– Remember to alter the verb stem in these expressions to match the verb you’re using.
– Remember that these expressions are used to describe future actions and “은/는” markers should be used to indicate the subject.
1. What is the difference between 거에요 and 거예요?
The difference between 거에요 and 거예요 is similar to the difference between “it is” and “there is” in English. 거에요 is used in casual contexts, whereas 거예요 is used in formal situations.
2. What is the difference between 평서문 and 의문문?
평서문 is a declarative sentence, while 의문문 is an interrogative sentence. The former makes a statement, while the latter asks a question.
3. What are some of the most common errors when using 거에요 and 거예요?
The most common errors people make when using these expressions include, getting the sentence type wrong, confusing past and future tense, and forgetting to include the subject.
4. Is it okay to use 거에요 in a formal context?
While 거에요 is usually reserved for casual contexts, it is okay to use it in a formal context if you are speaking to someone of a similar status as you or you have a good relationship with the person.
5. Can I use 거에요 and 거예요 to describe past actions?
Yes, you can also use 거에요 and 거예요 to describe past actions by adding “었어요” to the verb stem. This creates a sentence in the past tense.
Keywords searched by users: 거에요 거예요 거에요 거예요 맞춤법, 거에요 거예요 차이, 할 거에요 거예요, 하는거에요 하는거예요, 하신거예요, 하실거에요 하실거예요, 거예요 grammar, 있을거에요 있을거예요
Categories: Top 33 거에요 거예요
한국어 배우기 | 한국어 문법 32: V을 거예요/ㄹ 거예요 – Learn Korean | Basic Korean Grammar: Future Tense
See more here: toimuonmuasi.com
거에요 거예요 맞춤법
What is “거에요” and “거예요”?
“거에요” and “거예요” are verb endings used to indicate the present tense in Korean. They are often translated into English as “is/are/am doing” or “to be doing”. For example, “먹다” (to eat) in the present tense becomes “먹어요” (is/are/am eating) when the verb ending “어요” is added to the stem.
However, instead of using the traditional verb endings, “거에요” and “거예요” are formed by attaching the particle “거” to the verb stem, followed by either “에요” or “예요”. The particle “거” indicates that the speaker is referring to some action or state of being, similar to the English word “thing.”
Why is this grammar point important?
“거에요” and “거예요” are crucial elements in everyday Korean conversation and writing. They help convey a sense of action or state of being in the present tense, providing clarity and specificity in sentence structure. Mastering this grammar point will greatly enhance your ability to communicate in Korean, as it is used frequently in both formal and informal settings.
What is the difference between “거에요” and “거예요”?
The difference between “거에요” and “거예요” lies in the level of formality. “거에요” is a more casual and informal way of expressing the present tense, while “거예요” is more polite and formal. When using “거예요,” it’s advisable to use it when speaking to someone older or in professional or academic settings.
For example, if someone asks you what you’re doing, you could reply with “공부해” (I’m studying) in an informal setting or with friends. However, if you’re speaking to your teacher or boss, it would be more appropriate to say “공부하고 있어요” (I’m currently studying).
When should I use “거에요” and “거예요”?
The decision to use “거에요” or “거예요” depends on the context of the conversation and the level of formality required. In general, it is safe to use “거에요” in casual and informal situations with friends, family, or people you are familiar with. On the other hand, if you’re speaking to someone older, someone in a position of authority, or in a professional or academic setting, it’s advisable to use “거예요” to show respect and formality.
How to Use “거에요” and “거예요”
To use “거에요” and “거예요,” you’ll need to understand the basic sentence structure of Korean. In Korean, the verb usually comes at the end of the sentence. For example, the sentence “I am studying” in Korean would be “나는 공부해요.” Notice that the verb “공부하다” (to study) is at the end of the sentence, and “에요” is attached to the verb stem.
However, when using “거에요” and “거예요,” the sentence structure changes slightly. The particle “거” comes after the verb stem, followed by either “에요” or “예요.” For example, “I am eating” would be “저는 먹는 거에요” or “저는 먹는 거예요.”
Note that “거에요” and “거예요” are only used in the present tense. For past or future tense, different endings must be used. For example, “거었어요” and “거였어요” for the past tense, and “거예요” and “겠어요” for the future tense.
What if I make a mistake and use the wrong ending?
Making a mistake in verb conjugation is common, especially for non-native speakers learning Korean. However, using the wrong ending can lead to confusion or convey the wrong meaning, so it’s important to practice and perfect your usage of “거에요” and “거예요.”
If you do make a mistake, it’s okay to correct yourself. For example, if you said “먹는 거예요” instead of “먹는 거에요,” you can say “아니요, 먹는 거에요” (No, it’s ‘먹는 거에요”). In most cases, your conversation partner will appreciate the effort you’re putting into learning the language and won’t judge you for making an error.
Q. Can “거에요” and “거예요” be used with any verb?
A. Yes, “거에요” and “거예요” can be used with any verb, as long as the verb stem is in the present tense.
Q. How do I know which ending to use?
A. The decision to use “거에요” or “거예요” depends on the level of formality required in the conversation or writing. In general, “거에요” is more casual and informal, while “거예요” is more polite and formal.
Q. How do I form the present tense in Korean?
A. To form the present tense in Korean, you need to attach the appropriate verb ending to the verb stem. For example, the verb “먹다” (to eat) becomes “먹어요” (is/are/am eating) when the verb ending “어요” is added to the stem.
Q. What’s the difference between “합니다” and “해서요”?
A. “합니다” and “해서요” are both present tense verb endings, but “합니다” is formal and polite, while “해서요” is more casual and informal.
The usage of “거에요” and “거예요” is an essential grammar point in Korean that requires practice and dedication to perfect. Though it may seem difficult at first, mastering this grammar point will greatly enhance your ability to communicate in Korean, whether in casual or formal settings. Keep practicing, and don’t be afraid to make mistakes – after all, learning a language is a lifelong process.
거에요 거예요 차이
So, what is the difference between 거에요 and 거예요 in Korean? Let’s dive into the details.
거에요 vs. 거예요
Both 거에요 and 거예요 come from the verb 이다 (to be) and are used to describe the state or existence of something. However, they are used differently based on the level of formality and the sentence structure.
– 거에요 (geo-e-yo) is the more casual form and is often used in everyday conversations with friends and family.
– 거예요 (geo-ye-yo) is the more formal form and is often used in professional or official settings.
Both phrases are used with ‘것’, which means ‘thing’ in Korean. So, how do we use them in sentences? Here are a few examples:
– 거에요: 내일 할 일이 많은 거에요. (naeil hal il-i manh-eun geo-e-yo) – I have a lot of things to do tomorrow.
– 거예요: 방금 온 콜이 중요한 거예요. (bang-geum on kol-i jung-yohan geo-ye-yo) – The call I just received is important.
As you can see here, the difference between the two phrases lies in their level of formality. Using the correct form will help make your Korean speaking skills more accurate and effective.
When to use 거에요
거에요 is the casual form of the verb 이다 (to be) and is commonly used in everyday conversations with family and friends. It is used with nouns to describe the existence or state of something. Here are a few examples:
– 앞으로 할 일이 많은 거에요. (ap-eulo hal il-i manh-eun geo-e-yo) – I have a lot of things to do in the future.
– 이건 내일 할 일인데, 아직 안 했어요. (igeon naeil hal il-in-de, ajik an haess-eo-yo) – This is something I have to do tomorrow, but I haven’t done it yet.
In the examples above, 거에요 is used to describe the existence or state of something (할 일 – things to do) and add a sense of casualness to the phrase. Generally, when you’re speaking casually, you’ll use 거에요 rather than 거예요.
When to use 거예요
As mentioned earlier, 거예요 is the more formal version of the phrase. It’s used in professional or official settings where you need to add a bit more formality to your speech. It’s used with nouns to describe the existence or state of something. Here are a few examples:
– 회의에 참석한 것이 중요한 거예요. (hoe-ui-e chamseoghan geos-i jung-yohan geo-ye-yo) – It’s important to have attended the meeting.
– 신문을 읽지 않은 거예요? (sinmun-eul ilkji anh-eun geo-ye-yo) – You haven’t read the newspaper?
In the examples above, 거예요 is used to add a level of formality to the phrase. Generally, when you’re speaking in a professional or official setting, you’ll use 거예요 rather than 거에요.
Q: Can I use 거에요 and 거예요 interchangeably?
A: No, you cannot. 거에요 is more casual, while 거예요 is more formal. Using one instead of the other can make your sentence sound awkward or inappropriate for the context.
Q: Can I use either form with any noun?
A: Yes, you can. 거에요 and 거예요 can be used with any noun to describe the existence or state of something.
Q: Can I use both forms in the same sentence?
A: No, you cannot. While there are other grammar structures that allow for using both forms in one sentence, 거에요 and 거예요 cannot be used together.
Q: Can I use 거에요 and 거예요 with verbs?
A: No, you cannot. 거에요 and 거예요 are used with nouns only. To describe the existence or state of a verb, you need to use an adjective like -아/어요 or -으세요.
Q: What are some other ways to express the existence or state of something?
A: In addition to 거에요 and 거예요, you can use adjectives like -아/어요 or -으세요 to describe the existence or state of a verb. For example, 나는 행복해요 (I am happy), or 너는 바쁘세요? (Are you busy?).
In conclusion, understanding the difference between 거에요 and 거예요 is crucial for anyone learning Korean. By using the correct form in the right context, you’ll make your speech more accurate and effective. Remember to use 거에요 in casual conversations with friends and family, and use 거예요 in professional or official settings.
Images related to the topic 거에요 거예요
Article link: 거에요 거예요.
Learn more about the topic 거에요 거예요.
- italki – Difference between 거에요 and 거예요? For example
- [우리말 바루기] ‘거에요’는 ‘거예요’로 – 중앙일보
- 거에요 거예요 – 헷갈리는 우리말 표기 – 러브굿 한글공부
- 거에요/거예요 – 상담 게시판 | 이화여자대학교 국어문화원
- ㄹ 거에요 vs. ㄹ 거예요 – are both correct? If so, do they mean …